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Ingxaki yokutya yamazwe ngamazwe ithatha ixesha elide igqugqisa ihlabathi

kulo nyaka (2021) nge-22 kaMeyi, i-Academician Yuan Longping, isazinzulu sezolimo esidumileyo e-China kunye noyise ongenakulinganiswa werayisi edibeneyo, wasweleka.Sizilile kulo lonke ilizwe kwaye siyalixabisa ngokunyanisekileyo iqela elikhokelwa ngutatomkhulu yuan ukusombulula ingxaki yokhuseleko lokutya lwaseTshayina.Mhlawumbi uThixo akakwazi ukunyamezela utatomkhulu yuan ukuba aqhubeke nokuhlala emhlabeni kwaye athwale ubunzima obungakumbi aze amthabathe ngenkani, kodwa uXiaobian unethemba lokuba ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba uTamkhulu uYuan unokuphila ixesha elide.Kuba ilizwe lisajongene nengxaki enkulu yendlala, kwaye nengxaki yokutya iyaqhubeka.

Ubushushu obuphezulu obekube kanye kwi-millennium kunye nembalela yehle kakhulu kwimveliso yeenkozo.

NgoJuni, kungekudala, ezinye izixeko zaseUnited States zaba nobushushu obuphezulu obungafane bubonwe kwiwaka leminyaka.Ngokomzekelo, iSeattle yayikhe yaphakama yaya kutsho kuma-38.3 degrees.Abanye abasebenzisi be-intanethi banokucinga ukuba ayikho phezulu kakhulu!Inokuba phezulu!Inani alikho phezulu kakhulu, kodwa iSeattle inemozulu epholileyo yaselwandle.Ububanzi buyafana naleyo yaseMntla-mpuma China.Iqondo lokushisa lonyaka limalunga nama-22 kunye nama-23 degrees.Sisixeko esingayifuniyo i-air conditioning kunye nokufudumeza.Ubushushu obuphezulu be-38.3 degrees bufana nobushushu obusemantla-mpuma eTshayina kwiingalo ezingenanto zomntu wonke.Ngaba lo mzekeliso ushushu kakhulu?

Eyona nto ibaxwayo kukuba iVancouver eKhanada nasePortland eUnited States isaqabela phezulu, ikhuphisana neyona ndawo iphakamileyo, kwaye ide ibeke irekhodi lembali lama-47 degrees.Iqondo lobushushu eliphezulu elinqabileyo lizise imbalela egqithisileyo kwiindawo ezininzi.Phantse i-40% yayo yonke i-United States ifumene imbalela.I-United States lelona lizwe lithumela ukutya okuziinkozo kumazwe angaphandle.Imbalela eqhubekayo iya kukhokelela ngokuqinisekileyo ekwehlweni okubonakalayo kwemveliso yeenkozo eMelika.

Ukunciphisa imveliso yokutya e-United States akuyi kuchaphazela kuphela izitya zerayisi zaseMelika, kodwa kunye neengqayi zerayisi zabantu emhlabeni wonke, ngakumbi loo mazwe asele ehluphekile.Okubi nangakumbi kukuba imimandla esemantla nesemazantsi iye yathwaxwa yimeko efanayo, kwaye iBrazil, ithala lehlabathi, nayo ithwaxwe yimbalela eyakha yabakho kwinkulungwane enye.IBrazil ikwalelona lizwe lithengisa ukutya okuziinkozo kumazwe angaphandle, apho imveliso yombona, iimbotyi zesoya kunye nezinye izivuno ezibalulekileyo zibalelwa kwezona zithathu ziphezulu ehlabathini.Ukwehliswa ngaxeshanye kwemveliso yokutya okuziinkozo eMelika naseBrazil ngokungathandabuzekiyo kuya kuwanyusa amaxabiso eenkozo kumazwe ngamazwe.

Ingxaki yokutya yamazwe ngamazwe sele iqalile ixesha elide, kwaye ubushushu obuphezulu kunye nembalela kuphela kwe-fuse.

Imozulu embi ivumela abantu abaninzi babone ingxaki yokutya.Ingxaki yokutya eqhubekayo kudala ikhula.Ukulungele ukutya ukutya kulo nyaka, (2021) ngoJuni, amaxabiso okuziinkozo kumazwe ngamazwe anyuke malunga ne-50% kulo nyaka, irekhodi eliphezulu le-10 iminyaka.Enyanisweni, amaxabiso okuziinkozo kumazwe ngamazwe ayesele elungile ngaphambi kokuba kuqhambuke.Amaxabiso okutya kumazwe ngamazwe aqhubekile nokunyuka ukusukela oko kwaqhambuka i-COVID-19.Imozulu embi yintlekele emva kwenye.

IZizwe eziManyeneyo zikhuphe isilumkiso ngoSeptemba ka-2019 sokuba phantse abantu abazizigidi ezingama-690 kwihlabathi liphela bajongene nendlala.Bechatshazelwa ngulo bhubhani, inani labantu abathwaxwa yindlala lisenokunyuka ngezigidi ezingama-200.Ingxaki yokutya kumazwe ngamazwe ngokungathandabuzekiyo iya kwenza abantu abangakumbi balambe.Kakade ke, amazwe amaninzi aye athabatha amanyathelo okuzikhusela.Umzekelo, izinga lokuzanelisa ngokutya kweFransi liphezulu ukuya kuma-300%.I-Russia kunye ne-Thailand sele iqalile ukugcina ukutya kwaye yalela ukuthunyelwa ngaphandle kwakudala ngaphambi kobhubhane.

Kakuhle kuzo zonke iinkalo (2017) Amazwe aseTshayina aqhube kakuhle phambi kobunzima bokutya bamazwe ngamazwe aya kuchaphazeleka kancinci.Amanye amazwe anokutya okungonelanga kodwa iKari etyebileyo, njengoMzantsi Korea neJapan, akanayo ingxaki enkulu, achitha nje imali eninzi.Awona mazwe ahlwempuzekileyo, anokutya okuncinane, kwanasesemfazweni.Njenge-Afghanistan, iYiputa kunye neSiriya Abantu belizwe abacebileyo, kwaye intsapho iya kuba yimbi ngakumbi.

Luxanduva lomntu wonke ukuxabisa nokonga ukutya.

Kunyaka ophelileyo (2020), i-China yaqhubeka igxininisa ukuba ukukhuthaza ukugcinwa kokutya kukuthintela iingxaki kwangaphambili.Nangona iTshayina iye yayisombulula ingxaki yokutya nempahla kwaye inokugcina ukutya okwaneleyo ukuqinisekisa ukuba abantu kulo lonke ilizwe abayi kulamba kangangeminyaka eliqela phantsi kweemeko ezimaxongo, ukhuseleko lokutya kufuneka kunikelwe ingqalelo kuko.Ngenxa yokuba ingxaki yokutya inzulu ngakumbi kunengxaki yamandla, oko kubizwa ngokuba “amajoni namahashe akashukumi, ukutya nengca kuqala” yaye “ukutya kuqala ebantwini” “Nabani na olawula ukutya ulawula lonke uluntu.”Ukhuseleko lokutya lwaseTshayina sisiphumo somzabalazo wenqwaba yabafeli-nkolo ababemelwe nguYuan Longping.Asifaneleki ukuphila ngokuvisisana nayo.Ndiyathemba ukuba uyakukuxabisa ukutya kwaye uqale ngeCD.


Ixesha lokuposa: Dec-16-2021